FSK Overvoltage Protection Filter
RC line filters function as optional protective devices for AC/DC converters in order to reduce or minimize overvoltages that could damage the semiconductor of the converter itself.
FSK filters have three-phase protection on the input side and the supplied fuses are equipped with fault indicators.
Overvoltages can be mainly caused by:
- Overvoltage due to weather conditions
- Operating overvoltage caused by the circuits opening in which inductive loads are installed
- Overvoltage due to the switching of other semiconductors mounted in the same circuit
- Induced overvoltage; high variations in current and/or voltage due to the connection of capacitive or inductive loads to the system power supply.
The most frequently used protection against overvoltage, in particular the operating voltage, is the RC filter installed on the AC power line, just before the device that has to be protected.
The line filter is designed considering the power transformer magnetizing energy when it is open on the primary side.
The filter is composed of one or more capacitors, with high armature current, powered by a diode rectifier. A group of resistors also provides the discharge of the capacitors.
The filter components are assembled on a zinc coated steel sheet.
Main components are:
- Power cable connection terminals
- Three-phase protection (fuse holders and High-Speed fuses)
- Diode rectifier
- Power resistors
- Power varistors (optional).
|Altitude||1000 m. a.s.l.||Climate||Temperate||Min./Max. operating temperature||0 ÷ 40°C||Storage temperature||-40 ÷ +55°C||Relative humidity||10 ÷ 90% (from 0 to 40°C)|
|Main general data|
|Main supply voltage||600V – 700V – 800V – 1000V||Tolerance||± 10% power supply||AC/DC converter rated current||Up to 4000 A||Rated frequency||50 and 60 Hz; ± 2%||Protection degree||IP00/IP20||Cooling system||Natural air||Installation type||Fixed|